The Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) is a voluntary alternative to the traditional regulatory requirements for pilot training and checking. Under the AQP, governing bodies such as the FAA and NAVCANADA are authorized to approve significant departures from traditional requirements, providing these departures can be proven to provide an equivalent or better level of safety. The AQP program demands efficient front-end analysis of training requirements from which exact proficiency objectives for all aspects of pilot training originate. The intention is to integrate the training and evaluation of cognitive skills at each stage of a curriculum. For pass/fail purposes, pilots must demonstrate proficiency in scenarios that test both technical and crew resource management skills together.
Air carriers participating in the AQP must design and implement data collection strategies which are diagnostic of cognitive and technical skills. In addition, they must implement procedures for perfecting curriculum content based on quality control data.
The overall goals of the Advanced Qualification Program are:
- To increase aviation safety through improved training and evaluation,
- To respond to changes in aircraft technology, training methods, and operations.
How does our system meet your needs?
CORE (Crew, Operations, Resource & Equipment Software) supports a proficiency- based training and evaluation system through data collection and analysis, crew resource management (CRM), and a data-driven quality control process for monitoring, validating and maintaining the effectiveness of curriculum content and performance standards. CORE can track the qualifications of employees, engineers, pilots, instructors, flight attendants, and any air operations personnel that are subject to program specific training requirements or regulations. Our system allows for the efficient management of training operations by improving access to the methods and technology used during an instruction and/or evaluation. CORE software provides distinct advantages in that you gain simplified retrieval and improved access to completed reports, as well as increased information security of operations data. Using CORE will also lead to improved tracking, auditing and compliance support. Additionally, through the archival preservation of training and operations data, accessing historical records will be made easier, enhancing collaboration and streamlining workflow though this comprehensive web-based content management system. An audit trail is maintained for all changes made. The user who made the change, the time of the change, and what the change was are all recorded. The audit trail can be adjusted so that it only gets populated from live schedules and not those in construction.
CORE has a customizable user interface with a qualification tracking module (QUAL) that enables user(s) to administer rule based permissions and forecast future events. Instructor and crews are both handled the same as they both need qualification updates to maintain currency. As with instructors, a list of due students with their required training is generated from the QUAL module for the time period requested. This allows for schedulers to look forward and schedule appropriately. The QUAL module has many options for grace periods and other limitations, and each employee’s status can be viewed at any time through their detail form. There are also a number of reports to view the status of groups of employees.
How does the AQP differ from traditional regulatory requirements?
- Participation in an AQP is not mandatory. Air carriers that choose not to participate continue to be governed by the appropriate governing body. It should be noted, however, that nearly all major airlines do participate and participation by regional airlines is steadily increasing.
- The ability to employ innovative training and qualification concepts make this program very unique. The condition applies that the carrier must prove to the governing body’s satisfaction that aircrew proficiency are as good as, or better than, that obtainable through traditional programs.
- An AQP requires proficiency based qualification. This means that provided that pilots are trained to a standard of proficiency on all objectives within an approved AQP curriculum, it is not necessary to verify proficiency through a formal check on every item.
Are there any mandatory requirements?
Yes. It is imperative that the flexibility of an AQP does not come at the cost of reduced safety. In order to ensure that safety is not compromised, certain mandatory requirements have been established. The following are some of the mandatory requirements:
- The AQP must be specific to aircraft types. For example, it must allow for each make, model, and series or variant of aircraft within any given fleet that is preparing to transition to an AQP.
- Provide indoctrination, qualification, and continuing qualification curriculums for every duty position. Indoctrination consists of fleet common knowledge items. Qualification consists of fleet specific ground and flight operations training for a newly assigned cockpit duty position. Continuing qualification consists of fleet specific ground and flight operations recurrent training for presently held duty positions.
- Provide training and evaluation which is conducted to the maximum extent possible in a full cockpit crew environment (e.g. Captain and First Officer). Qualification and continuing qualification curricula must include a line operational evaluation (LOE), which consists of a full flight scenario systematically designed to target specific technical and crew resource management (CRM) skills.
- Integrate training and evaluation of crew resource management (CRM) in accordance with the provisions of the governing body Advanced Qualification Program. The evaluation of crew resource management proficiency is mandatory, and substandard performance on crew resource management factors must be corrected by additional training. In AQP, demonstration of proficiency in maneuver oriented technical skills is a necessary but insufficient condition for pilot qualification. For pass/fail purposes, pilots must also demonstrate proficiency in line operational evaluation (LOE), which test both technical and crew resource management skills together.